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Biodegradable

Inaccuracies in communication easily distort the difference between ‘biodegradable’ and ‘compostable’.

When exposed to light, air, moisture and microbes, this product breaks down to natural elements found in nature.

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When exposed to light, air, moisture and microbes, this product breaks down to natural elements found in nature.

Definition

When exposed to light, air, moisture and microbes, biodegradable materials break down to natural elements that are found in nature.

While all materials technically are biodegradable, many petroleum-based plastics take tens of thousands of years to do so and leave toxins in the surrounding soil. ‘Biodegradable’ products should biodegrade within a single generation, and leave nothing but water, carbon dioxide, naturally occurring minerals and biomass behind.

Materials are either 100% biodegradable or they are not. Terms like ‘x% biodegradable’ and ‘part-biodegradable’ are half-truths [1] , as the product will leave behind materials that don’t break down in a natural environment.

The core principle of compostability is to leave soil enriched by the composting of a material. While similar, biodegradation and compostability are not the same, as correct biodegradation adds no nutrients, but also does no harm to the soil.

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Why you should use biodegradable packaging

A company may decide to use biodegradable packaging as an alternative to packaging that uses petroleum-based materials.

A company may also use biodegradable packaging if it’s values including having a smaller footprint as possible. If a company has biodegradable products, selling it in biodegradable packaging creates a complete product an experience that will go full circle and break down into nothing.

Why you shouldn’t use biodegradable materials

Deceptive labelling and marketing made up of untrue statements tend to muddy the already murky waters of biodegradable and compostable products. This is the main reason a company may not want to use biodegradable packaging.

Some products that are biodegradable in landfill take significantly longer to biodegrade in water and thus pose a threat to marine life [2] .

Packhelp and biodegradability

Packhelp sells a number of products that are certified biodegradable by American ASTM D6868 - 19 standards [3]  and European EN 14046 standards [4] .

Frequently asked questions:

Packhelp’s products that are labelled biodegradable are certified by American ASTM D6868 - 19 standards and European EN 14046 standards.
Packhelp’s Kraft Tapes are certified compostable and also biodegradable. The materials used in packing slips may vary from provider to provider, so please check individually.
Compostable means that the product will break down into organic matter and CO2 when placed in the right environment (pressure, heat etc). What’s left after this process has nutrients that are beneficial to the soil. Biodegradable means that given the right conditions and presence of microorganisms, the product will break down into basic components found in the earth. Unfortunately, some products that are marked ‘biodegradable’ do break down but leave toxic and damaging chemicals in the process. Packhelp’s biodegradable products do not leave behind any detrimental substances.
Paper-based biodegradable products should be recycled as per standard paper products. If recycling isn’t an option and the product has a compostable certificate, then compost. Biodegradable plastics (such as Packhelp’s biopolymailers) should be composted and not recycled.

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